Plant Lover Attention Here: You need to Know about Planting Zones
Human beings are very much creative in life; especially in the mind. They work hard to earn the source for their food. And they choose hobbies to find the food for their mind. Hobbies keep even the busiest of human beings relaxed at least for some time. Hobbies can be unique and unparallel with each other. But, the most common and contributory hobby in this world is gardening.
People are becoming very much responsible to take care of Mother Nature and trying their best to contribute their bits in restoring the natural balance. But, planting is a very hard and complicated hobby; there are many preconditions that one has to follow. This particular article talks about every nook and corner of gardening. Plant lovers have a look. Also, you can online plant delivery USA.
What is Plant Hardiness?
Plant hardiness can be defined as the existence and the survival strategies of each plant. It is the best condition in which the plants carry the capability to survive. The plant hardiness for every plant is different and unique as they vary according to their genetics and adaptation capacity; they can be likely but never the same. That means the capability of any plant to survive in extreme conditions like flood, drought, cold and heat is what plant hardiness of that plant counts. It is the plant genetics that helps to survive the plants in deadly cold weather.
Sometimes, it is the part of the plants that get damaged; the rest remains intact. For example, the cold weather might destroy your favorite perennial; yet, the roots remain hardy enough to bring out new shoots in the next spring. An experienced gardener can control many attributes while gardening like the soil, the sunlight, the watering; but he/she cannot do anything with the temperature. Hence, there is a typical planting zone for every plant to thrive at its best.
What are Planting Zones?
A planting zone can be defined as the criteria that need to be fulfilled by the plants to survive in extreme situations. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides the various Plant zone maps. In each planting zone, depending on the soil, the atmosphere, the strength of sunlight, and the recorded temperature scale, the plant hardiness is determined along with a list of plants that will grow there well. The zone hardiness is determined by the yearly average extremes for the lowest temperature of a given geographical area and not the average highest one.
There are a total of 13 planting zone present across the USA and Canada. One plant that carries the hardiness to survive in any planting zone will equally survive and thrive in other many planting zones lower to its position if all the parameters for its growth match. For example, if a plant has the hardiness to grow in planting zone 5, chances are very high that they will survive in zone 9 as well if all its growing criteria are a match.
How to find your exact Planting Zone?
The main two determining factors for plant zones are the geographical area (determines the soil and sunlight). The climate (determines the best temperature and rainfall). According to these two, it is possible to find out what crops and fruits will grow in the planter’s planting zone. Yet, microclimate changes are very frequent these days- all thanks to our endless contribution to nature pollution. One season record drop or record soar in temperature can also damage the plants of any zone and die them out.
There is a site named Gizmour (Hoses Nozzles Sprinklers) where one has the option of putting their zip code or pin code to find out their planting zones. There are 13 zones differentiated by 10 degrees Fahrenheit from the average yearly lowest temperature. Some zones are sub-divided into ‘a’ and ‘b’ with 5 degrees Fahrenheit differentials for better understanding.
Below is detailed information about each of the planting zone to help the reader find out their garden plants easily.
1) Zone 1
The USDA determined zone 1 planting zone is the coldest planting zone in the USA. The average lowest temperature of this zone is -60 degree to -50 degree Fahrenheit (1a: -60F to -55F; 1b: -55F to -50F. It is the most difficult zone for gardening. Most geographical locations of Alaska fall into this Zone 1 category of planting. The plants that grow here need extra adaptation strategies for not just cold but also drought. It is only the native plants that have adapted to the tundra that reigns here. The average growing days in this zone is 92 days.
One might not need to check the plant hardiness or the growing season length to grow vegetables here if the vegetables are grown indoor or in greenhouse (indoor plants that suit particular room) types of equipment. Beans, sweet pea, radish, potatoes, spinach, tomatoes, cabbages, and lettuce are the popular vegetables for zone 1.
Among fruits, different varieties of apples like Fort Mac Apple, chokeberry, September ruby apple, end apple, and has kap are famous.
c) Herbs: Chives, oregano, basil, thyme, rosemary, and mint.
d) Flowers: Sunflower, lily of the valley, yarrow, oxeye daisy, goldenrod, delphinium, arrowhead.
2) Zone 2
Zone 2 in the USA is areas that fall underparts of Alaska and the United States continent. The average annual temperature drops here to -50F to -40F (2a: -50F to -45F; 2b: -45F to -40F). The basic climate of these areas is droughts and high winds as these are parts of tundra and higher altitudinal planes. Native plants and creative plant techniques might help the gardeners grow their gardens. The average growing days in this zone is 109 days.
Annuals and native; some perennials can also grow. Carrot, onions, Swiss chard, mustard greens, and parsnips can grow in this zone.
Varieties of apples like fall red apple, Minnesota 1734 apple, parkland apple, norkent apple, different varieties of plum-like brook gold plum, fofonoff plum, Pembina plum, Korean pine, and Garrington Chokeberry grow here.
c) Herbs: Juniper, Turkestan rose, and hyssop.
d) Flowers: Violet, poppy, bleeding heart, primrose, sea holly, monkshood, and Penstemon. These are all good luck flowering plants.
3) Zone 3
Zone 3 planting zone makes up parts of Alaska, high lands of the United States, and Northern USA. The minimum average yearly temperature here ranges between -40F to -30F (3a: -40F to -35F; 3b: -35F to -30F). The plant growing conditions gets affected by extreme cold, high winds, and lower moisture. Plants that grow in low soil temperature within the short growing season will thrive here. The average growing days in this zone is 123 days.
a) Vegetables: Celery, asparagus, squash (winter and summer), and cucumbers.
Different varieties of cherries like cupid cherry, Evans cherry, varieties of plum-like Waneta plum, toka plum, different pears like golden spice pear, early gold pear, apples like dolgo crab apple, sweet sixteen apple, good land apple, and Westcott apricots.
Caraway, English chamomile, parsley, peppermint, garlic, catnip, French sorrel, and horseradish.
Aster, salvia, splurge, blanket flower, snow-in-summer, wallflower, alpine rock cress, liatris varieties, and Virginia bluebells. One can choose to buy potted plants online to get the best quality of gardening plants.
4) Zone 4
Description: Southern coast of Alaska, high altitudes in western mountains and the northern part of the United States fall into this category of planting zones. Planting here is less hectic than the above zones as the average lowest temperature here dwells between -30F to -20F (4a: -30F to -25F; 4b: -25F to -20F). Adding a layer of mulch and preventive winter measures might help the plants to survive in the winter. The average growing days in this zone is 139 days.
a) Vegetables: Okra, eggplant, pumpkin, and melons.
Varieties of nuts like butternut, buartnut, specific apples like Trent apple, railroad apple, Alexander apple; kinds of plums like alderman plum, Ewing blue plum, and varieties of pears like summer crisp pear, nova pear.
c) Herbs: Garden sage, angelica, mountain mint, lemon balm, thyme, bee balm, winter savory.
d) Flowers: Phlox, coneflower, day lily, iris, and plantain lily.
5) Zone 5
This is a comparatively warmer zone of planting that lies all across the north-central United States, parts of New England, and coastal regions of Alaska. Temperature here ranges from -20F to -10F (5a: -20F to -15F; 5b: -15F to -10F). Here the growing seasons are comparatively shorter, but one can elongate it by using cold frames or annual gardening. The average growing days in this zone is 168 days.
a) Vegetables: Lettuce, radish, kale, winter greens, and spinach.
Honeycrisp apple, pink lady apple, snow beauty peach, harrow delight pear, warren pear, superior plum, and native pawpaw trees.
c) Herbs: large flower calamint, lavender, and hybrid mints.
d) Flowers: Black eyed Susan, Cinquefoil, Baptisia, Russian Sage, and Campanula.
6) Zone 6
A huge geographical region of the United States falls under this zone. This is the zone where the temperature creates a milder climate; one has a huge range of plants to grow in this zone. Average annual lowest temperature lies between -10F and 0F (6a: -10F to -5F; 6b: -5F to 0F). The average growing days in this zone is 183 days.
a) Vegetables: Butter lettuce, indeterminate tomatoes, winter squash, longer season melons (for summer) bush beans, rhubarb, and asparagus (for winter).
Jefferson, Loring, Madison, Red Globe, Late Crawford, and Nectar.
c) Herbs: False Chamomile, Borage, Dill, Coriander, and oregano.
Japanese bottlebrush, false sunflower, sedum, flowering fern, floribunda rose, and lady’ mantle.
7) Zone 7
This zone covers 15 states of the USA. Here the winter is colder, but summer is considerably hotter. The temperature range is from 0F to 10F (7a: 0F to 5F; 7b: 5F to 10F). Plants here can be grown under different conditions of seed calendar, nurseries, greenhouse, and local home stores. The average growing days in this zone is 213 days.
Different perennial plants like long-growing season vegetables, turnips, pepper (hot and sweet), and arugula.
Bing cherry, Rainier Sweet cherry, Stella cherry, Blue Java banana, Cortland apple, Fuji apple, Granny Smith apple, Contender peach, Fuyu persimmon, Moorpark apricot, Parker pear, Red Gold nectarine, Turkey fig, Scout apricot, pawpaw trees and different varieties of berries like mulberries, elderberries.
c) Herbs: Marjoram, sage, rue, feverfew, and tarragon.
d) Flowers: Chrysanthemum, painted daisy, candy tuff, clematis, butterfly weed, four-o-clock, peonies, and forget-me-not.
8) Zone 8
For plant hardiness, zone 8 is comparatively warmer in the USA. From the southern to western coast, the temperature dwindles between 10F to 20F (8a: 10F to 15F; 8b: 15F to 20F). Here the summer is warmer and the winter is moderately colder. Here, the plants grow with long seasonal growth; vegetables can grow three times a year. The average growing days in this zone is 245 days
spinach, peas, and lettuce grow both in winter, fall and spring; cantaloupe, hot peppers, tomatoes, watermelons, field peas, okra, and lettuce varieties that resist bolts.
Abacá banana, Bronze banana, Darjeeling banana, Anna apple, Gala apple, Montmorency cherry, Ruby grapefruit, Marsh grapefruit, Meyer lemon, different kinds of peaches and plums, Kumquat and Limequat, Clementine tangerine and Jujube varieties.
Mexican oregano, bay laurel, sage, marjoram, and rosemary.
Lantana, Phlox, Asiatic lily, petunias, and hardy geranium.
9) Zone 9
This zone stretches across Arizona, California, Florida, Texas, and the Gulf of Mexico and is a round-the-year planting zone. Here the winter climate is warm and summer is hot. The average lowest temperature here is 20F to 30F (9a: 20F to 25F; 9b: 25F to 30F). The average growing days in this zone is 290 days.
Hot summer grows only Okra, peppers; on the other times, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, spinach, and greens.
Citrus and tropical fruits like calamondin, avocado, hardy kiwi, starfruits, olives, mandarin and trifoliate orange, giant pumelo, and passion fruit.
bay, chives, coriander, mint, marjoram, bay laurel, and lemon thyme.
Wisteria, Black-eyed Susan, Dahlia, Rhododendrons, Hydrangeas, Zinnia, and Canna.
10) Zone 10
Hawaii, Southern California and Southern Florida cover the zone 10 planting zone in the USA. Here, it is all summer; no freezing cold; temperature range is 30F to 40F (10a: 30F to 35F; 10b: 35F to 40F). The average growing days in this zone is the whole year, 365 days.
a) Vegetables: In winter, lettuce, peas, and radish; bitter melon, peanut, Malabar spinach, jicama, and tomatillos would be best in longer summers.
Apple guava, jackfruit, soursop, allspice, dwarf Cavendish banana, and June plum.
Curry leaf, ginger, miracle fruit, Mexican tarragon, and galangal.
Aeroniums, African lily, Peruvian lily, Floss flower, Delta maidenhair fern, Agave, Ornamental onion, Floss flower, geraniums, and different aloes.
11) Zone 11
This zone can be found in parts of the continental zone of the USA, parts of Hawaii, some places of Florida Keys, and Puerto Rico. The average lowest winter temperature there is from 40F to 50F (11a: 40F to 45F; 11b: 45F to 50F). As over the year, cultivation is possible, rotational crops are found to be growing. The average growing days in this zone is the whole year, 365 days.
a) Vegetables: Beets, carrots, Swiss chard, cabbage, kale, radish, and sweet peas.
b) Fruits: Mango, Natal plum, sea grape, moringa, macadamia, and jaboticaba.
c) Herbs: Herbs can be difficult to grow as they need a mild cold environment. Still, in the winter times, thyme, basil, Mexican oregano, chive, lemongrass, and mint can be grown.
All the flowers wither away in the extreme heat of summer; comparatively stronger thriving flowers are drumstick allium, ponytail plum, begonias, anemone coronaria, kangaroo paw, and bougainvillea.
12) Zone 12
This zone is one of the hottest plant zones that are not even found in the continental USA, rather in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Here, the environment is tropical; grows plants that extremely heat tolerant. The temperature here ranges from 50F to 60F (12a: 50F to 55F; 12b: 55F to 60F). The average growing days in this zone is the whole year, 365 days.
a) Vegetables: eggplants, tomatoes, hot pepper, bush beans, and summer squashes.
b) Fruits: African apricot, alupag, imbe, tropical almond, Bigney, and more.
c) Herbs: Borage, colanto, sage, savory.
d) Flowers: Musaceae, Costaceae, Heliconia, and Strelitziaceae
13) Zone 13
Zone 13 is located in the same areas as that zone 12. Almost every feature of this zone is as same as zone 12; only the average lowest temperature here is higher 60F to 70F (13a: 60F to 65F; 13b: 65F to 70F). The average growing days in this zone is the whole year, 365 days.
a) Vegetables: tomatoes, eggplant, bush beans, summer squashes, and hot pepper.
Bacuri cascudo, Black pepper, African breadfruit, and Amazon tree-grape.
c) Herbs: Savory, culantro, borage, and sage.
Marantaceae, Zingiberaceae, Lowiaceae, and Heliconia. These are low-maintenance plant ideas.
No matter in whatever planting zone one is, the other requirements for gardening like watering, fertilizers, and pesticides are also needed to create and sustain a beautiful garden. Such a garden will always be contributing positively to the rebuilding of Mother Nature.
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