Campanula Latifolia – A Plant of Campanulaceae Family
This flower belongs to Bellflower Family that is Campanulaceae. It is a perennial herb and the plant is commonly called Large Campanula or wide leaved bellflower. It is 20 to 25 inches in height and blooms between July to August. This genus comprises of more than 300 species that are spread across northern hemisphere. These attractive bell flowers are available in shades of purple and sometimes in also white color. They are native to Scotland, Ireland and other parts of Europe and North America.
In Latin language Campanula means little bell, which is named after the shape of flowers and this is why the common name for genus is bellflower. This flower is given to your dear ones as thank you gesture. Thus these flowers are associated with symbols like affection, gratitude, delicacy, constancy and everlasting love.
Uses of Campanula Latifolia
- The plant is used in folk medicines and drugs were made from its roots or above ground parts of flowering plant.
- Roots and young shoots of the plant are rich in Vitamin C.
- It has a pleasant mild flavor.
- They are sometimes also an addition to salad bowl as they taste somewhat sweet.
- The flowers also look good in floral arrangements.
- One of the species of the plant called Canterbury Bell is also used in making sweet honey by Beekeepers.
- Few species of the plant is also been grown as vegetables.
- They are largely grown in light shaded woodland areas and moist shaded areas of rock gardens.
- The plant is self fertile.
- The edible parts of the plant are flowers, leaves and root.
- Flowers of the plant are almost bell shaped.
- Many species of this genus have white latex in their leaves and stem which is thought to be used as protection from herbivores.
- It requires well drained soil and can also grow in heavy clay soil.
- It prefers dry to moist soil and it can grow in full shade or semi shade.
How to Plant?
- Commercial propagation of the plant is done through seeds, divisions and cuttings specially for ornamental purposes.
- The plant can be propagated through seeds, surface sow the seeds in spring in cold frame.
- It usually germinates in 3 to 4 weeks.
- You can plant them out in permanent positions in early summer or late spring after last frost.
- You can also propagate the plant by harvesting the shoots when they are about 10 to 15 cm long with much of the underground stem.
- You can divide the plant in spring or autumn.
Maintenance and Care
- It requires moderate to regular watering.
- Maintain moist, aerated and well drained soil.
- Fertilize the plants with general purpose fertilizer and irrigate soil immediately after fertilizing.
- To promote repeat flowering prune off faded blossoms with pruning shears.
- Inspect the campanulas regularly with abnormalities and search for signs of common diseases like powdery mildew, discolored leaves or fuzzy white coating on leaves.