Coreopsis – A Plant of the Aster Family
Coreopsis is an herbaceous plant that belongs to the Aster family. The most species are native to North America and others are native to Central and South America. The common name of the plant is tickseed as their seeds resembles ticks. This plant is a Native North American prairie and woodland, their ruggedness and profuse flowers have made the plants popular with plant breeders. The plant have daisy like flowers in different ranges of colors from bright yellow and orange to pink and red. The plant type id perennial flower and when matured grows 10 to 18 inches tall and 12 to 24 inches wide.
The scientific name Coreopsis originated from the Greek words ‘koris’ that means bedbug and “opsis” that means view. The name refers to unusual morphology of seed. In the floral dictionary coreopsis has specific meaning that stands for always cheerful. It is the state flower of Florida.
Uses of Coreopsis
- Coreopsis is perfect choice for a flower border or filler in the garden.
- It is mostly cultivated as garden plant because of its beautiful, long lasting flowers.
- It can also be used in the preparation of various bouquets.
- Dry coreopsis plant can be consumed in the form of tea and can also be used as a coffee substitute.
- The roots of the coreopsis are used in the treatment of diarrhea and also for cleansing the body.
- It is a low maintenance, drought tolerant and long blooming plant.
- Birds particularly goldfinches love to snack on the seeds of coreopsis during fall and winter.
- Bees and Butterflies are drawn to the flowers.
- Different varieties of Coreopsis are Early Sunrise, Golden Showers, Moon beam, Zagreb and Nana.
- It requires well draining and sandy soil with soil ph of 5.5 to 6.5.
- It requires full sun to part shade to grow well.
- Thread leaf coreopsis can also tolerate dry, rocky soils,
How to Plant?
- Coreopsis can be propagated via seed, division and cutting.
- You can find different varieties of coreopsis for sale as plant; you can start your plants from seeds.
- When you grow the plants through seeds you can start by growing 4 to 6 weeks before last expected frost indoors.
- Plant the clumps anytime from early spring to fall and most varieties will start looming in early summer and you can repeat the bloom periodically through fall.
- These plants do not tend to live for more than 3 to 5 years you can divide the plants or plant new ones from seeds when you see a decrease in flowering.
Maintenance and Care
- Deadhead to keep the plants bloom throughout the summer.
- Until the plant is established it will need regular watering.
- Fertilizer is not necessary for growing coreopsis in fact too much fertilizer may inhibit flower production.
- Mostly the coreopsis plants are problem free but in damp season they may fall prey to snails, slugs and fungal diseases can affect them.