Types Of Plants Based On Different Classifications
We have seen an enormous variety of terrestrial and aquatic plants around us. Though these plants have the same functions and parts, they look very different and unique from each other. The plants are classified on factors like height, tenderness of stem, branches and life cycle. These plants have different roots, stems, leaves, seeds, fruits and flowers. Thus we are here to classify the types of plants based on growth and seasons.
Based on Growth
The growth habit primarily refers to the development and growth of the plant and the change in its shape. Factors like genetics and the environment play a significant role in their growth. Thus based on size, stem thickness and delicacy, here is the classification of the plants.
Herb is a short sized plant, and it has a soft, green, delicate stem with woody tissues. These plants can complete their life cycle within one to two seasons. Few of the herbs are branchless, while some have branches. They also contain nutritional benefits. A few examples of herbs are wheat, paddy, bananas, tomato etc,. You can know about the life cycle of flowering plants and take care of the flowering plants at your home so that they flourish.
Shrubs are taller than herbs, and they are medium-sized plants. The height of this plant ranges from 6 to 10 meters. Other features to define shrubs are bushy and wordy, having stems with very few branches. The branches of shrubs are complex yet flexible and not fragile. Some of the common examples of shrubs are Rose, jasmine, tulsi, henna and lemon.
The tall and big plants are called trees. These plants, basically trees, have very thick, woody, and hard stems called the trunk. This single trunk gives rise to many branches. These branches have leaves, fruits and flowers. The lifespan of a tree is very long, and its examples are neem, banyan, oak, cashew, mango, etc.
Climbers are more advanced than the creepers. Though they cannot stand upright, they grow vertically and carry weight using external support. These types of plants have tendrils, which are the unique structures used to climb. Names of some climbers are pea plant, sweet gourd, money plant, jasmine, grapevine, green peas etc.
The name itself says what it does. These creepers creep on the ground. Moreover, they have very fragile, long and thin stems that cannot stand erect and does not support their weight. The typical examples of creepers are watermelon, strawberry, pumpkin, sweet potatoes etc,. You can know of different types of houseplants and decide which would look best and thrive in your home.
Based on Season
Plants are known as the oldest living things on the earth. When we say pants based on the season, it is according to an understanding of human beings. While in plant language, it is said to classification based on their life cycle. Every different plant has its own life cycle depending on its surroundings, seed and the required nutrition they have to grow. Thus the plants are divided into three subcategories based on seasons.
This category of plants is the ones that sustain for more or less than a year. The famous examples of this type of plant are Durum, Maize and Watermelon. One best thing about annuals is their blooming time. It is typically all season-long and longer than perennial and biennial. One more unique feature is that a few annuals are self-seeding. It means they would drop seeds, and those seeds will flower at the same spot in the following year. You can look for birthday plants to greet your mom and dad with a long-lasting plant for their birthday.
Perennials have the most extended lifespan amongst all kinds of plants. These plants do not have any fixed age to complete their biological cycle. It means if they are taken care of, not harmed by nature and not cut down forcefully, they will continue to grow even for hundreds of years. Strawberry, Basil, Oregano, etc., are some Perennial examples. Perennials are typically planted in late summers or fall with bulbs, but if you are beginning with young seeds, it is best to plant them in the spring.
These biennials need two years to complete their biological cycle of growth, then they reproduce and, in the end, get decayed. The first two years encompass their flowering process, and they later start dying. The flowering time of biennials is late spring. The prominent examples are Hollyhock, Kalette, Potato, carrot etc,. Sending plants to your loved ones for special occasions is one of the best and most thoughtful gifts.
We hope this article will give you valuable insights into different types of plants and their classifications.