National Flower of Barbados – Pride of Barbados
The National Flower of Barbados is the Pride of Barbados which is a shrub. Red variety with the Yellow Margin on the petals accepted as a National Flower of Barbados. It appears on the Barbados Coat of Arms.
This flower blooms all year round and the more common variety found is the fiery red and yellow “Sunset Colour“. However, there are other varieties that can be found as well. Caesalpinia pulcherrima is the other name it has been known as.
The striking orange-red flowers are an attention grabber and butterflies love them!
However, in spite of these details, the origin is still unknown. The reason for this is the widespread cultivation.
It is not a shrub which can grow 3m tall. Depending upon the climatic condition, this plant grows its beauty.
When the climate has little to no frost, it can grow a bit larger in size and has a semi-green color. However, in the climate with moderate freezing, it dies in a black color. But, it will start growing at the arrival of spring. It completely rebounds during late spring.
This flower species is very sensitive to cold climate. Leaves of this plant are bipinnate. It sizes from 20-40cm long that bears 3-10 pairs of pinnae. Each pinna has 6-10 pairs of the leaflet that size from 15-25mm long and 10-15mm broad.
On the height of 20 cm long steam, the flowers are born. Each flower has five yellow or other color petals. The pod size is 6-10 mm long.
Various Names :
It is referred by many names all across the globe. Few of them are Flower fence, Peacock Flower, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Flamboyan, Caesalpinia, and Dwarf Poinciana.
The original name pulcherrima means “Very pretty”. This flower is the richness of color that has a pure color brightness combination in red and yellow shade.
Each petal has a beautiful shade of color that literally goes with the meaning of the name. With this, it is a plant that is said to be the attraction as a heat-loving plant for San Antonio!
To see this plant bloom completely into its original beauty, spring to early summer is the right time. During winters, this plant dies and turns out black but at the arrival of spring, it starts blooming with freshness automatically.
Usage of the bloom :
- This plant makes a beautiful border design for a plantation. Use it for a spice man or a shrub border with other variables as well. It is grown in domestic as well as public gardens to add beauty and keep the environment warmer.
- This plant is said to be poisonous especially the seeds. However, some of these species are used as edible seeds before they are matured enough.
- It also makes a beautiful ornament. Pulcherrima is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia. It is said to be striking ornamental plant to grow.
- Growing this plant in the bunch can be an attraction to a hummingbird.
- Pride of Barbados flowers and leaves mixed tea used for babies to give good sleep and in some cases it is used instead of milk at night for babies.
- Flower leaves juice is said to cure fever, the juice from the flower is said to cure sores, and the seeds are said to cure bad cough, breathing difficulty, and chest pain.
- In Suriname’s traditional medicine the leaves of this plant are said to be a purgative and are used against kidney stones, malarial fever and bronchitis. Also known as anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and helpful against staphylococcus and that it destroys cancerous cells.
- Recent studies demonstrate that extracts from the flower, stem, leaf, fruit, root, and seed are also effective against wheezing, bronchitis, malarial infection, tuberculosis, other bacteria, fungi, and some parasites
- Caesalpinia pulcherrima also makes good medicine which comes in a Maroon color known as ayoowiri. Four grams from the root is of this plant is also said to provoke abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy.
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